The upper extremity bandage system includes: shoulder, elbow and hand bandages.
The shoulder joint builds the shoulder bone (humerus) and shoulder blade (scapula) . The bandage of the injured shoulder begins with a circular bend from left to right around the upper part of the upper arm, then descends under the uninjured armpit, climbs over the shoulder to the back and winds to the opposite armpit, then the winding over the chest returns to the injured shoulder.
The shoulder joint is placed so that the last coil covers 1/2 or 2/3 of its width.
The elbow joint is a complex joint that builds the shoulder bone, the collarbone and the ulna. Bending of the elbow joint begins with 2-3 turns of the “turtle” bend over the elbow recess, and continues with circular coils that alternately line the forearm and shoulder, with a cross on the elbow recess. A triangle (Esmarch’s) scarf can also be used to bend the elbow joint.
The bandage “eight for the fist” begins with circular fixing layers just above the bones of the breakfast, ie the wrist. Then the bandage is directed along the back of the hand, make a half turn on the surface of the palm and again on the outer surface of the hand, and by crossing the first coil, return to the opposite end of the joint.
Within the bandages of the lower extremities,there are the bandages of the hips, knees and feet.
The hip bandage can cover the lower abdomen, the upper third of the thigh and the large gluteal muscles. According to the place where the bend windings are cut, there are rear, side and front (in the groin area) bends.
A circular coil is placed around the waist to secure the bandage, then the bandage is “guided” from the back to the front of the hip, and further towards the front and inner surface of the thigh. The bandage covers the posterior half-circumference of the thigh, exits from its outer side and passes obliquely over the lumbar region to the posterior half-circumference of the torso. The windings are repeated. The turn can be input, if each subsequent winding is above the previous one, or descending, if each winding is below the previous one.
The knee joint is made up of the femur, tibia and fibula. The bend of the “turtle’s” knee begins with tightening-catching coils over the most protruding part of the upper leg. Then divergent windings in the shape of an octagon are made, which intersect in the lower leg area. The bandage ends with circular coils in the upper third of the lower leg, or in the lower third of the thigh, depending on where the injury is located.
A circular bandage with a bandage on the thigh is used to retain the bandage material on wounds and other thigh injuries. The width of the bend is 10-14 cm. Bending begins with tightening circular coils in the lower third of the thigh above the knee joint. Then the entire surface of the thigh is closed from the bottom up with circular coils with folding. As a rule, such bandages on the thighs do not hold well and can easily slip, so it is recommended to finish wrapping with coils in the form of spikes in the area of the sacro-iliac joint.
If it is necessary to place the bandage on the lower extremity in the extended position, the spiral technique of bending with folding is used. Bending begins with circular coils in the upper third of the lower leg, and ends with fixing coils in the lower third of the thigh.
The bend of the foot begins by fixing the coil under the foot of the foot (heel bone), whereby the background of the foot is wrapped, and in the immediate vicinity of the root of the toes the coil passes along the bottom of the foot and returns to the heel. The next turns of the bandage are placed in the same way, which cover the previous windings by 2/3 and gradually rise towards the upper ankle joint.