First Aid WorldWide Manual



Epilepsy or epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease, which manifests itself in the form of sudden and recurrent muscle spasms of the extremities and / or the whole body, with the obligatory narrowing or loss of consciousness

Causes. The cause of this disease has not been clarified to date, it is assumed that it is inherited. One group of epilepsies can be caused by craniocerebral injuries and concussions, some forms of drug and alcohol poisoning, and brain tumors. Loss of consciousness occurs suddenly (“like thunder from a clear sky”). The victim falls due to spasms of skeletal muscles, screams due to spasms of vocal cords and twitching of the limbs. it often injures the tongue with a bite, and foaming at the mouth, sometimes with the addition of blood.

After 1-2 minutes from the beginning of the attack, the cramps stop, but after a short time they can recur, gradually subsiding, until they stop completely. After the attack, the patient may fall asleep for some time. In most cases, the victim does not remember everything that happened.

First Aid

> Protect the victim’s head from accidental injuries. He should be moved away from furniture, glass, sharp objects, and a soft and flat object (hat, cap, towel) should be placed under his head. Ultimately, the head can be secured by the hands of a rescuer.

> Remove all parts of clothing that tighten the body of an epileptic patient: loosen the waist belt or belt for trousers, unbutton your shirt collar, take off your tie, glasses and control his breathing.

> Do not hold the casualty during an attack and do not leave him lying on his back.

> After the cessation of the epileptic seizure, the victim should be carefully turned to the side to avoid the intrusion of the tongue and the returned contents into the airways.

> If a person with epilepsy has fallen asleep after a seizure, they should be allowed to fall asleep so they can rest.